EMI suppression cores
EMI suppression cores or ferrite cores are an efficient way to reduce high frequency interference from wiring. Running cables through a ferrite cores is a recommended solution attempt if signal reliability or connection problems are encountered.
Selection[edit | edit source]
For motor control applications it is recommended to get low to medium frequency ferrite cores for maximum efficiency.
- Preferred types
- Core material designed for low to medium frequency bands (attenuation between 1-300 MHz)
- Large enough to fit cable multiple rounds through it
- Avoid (might make things worse)
- Core material designed for high frequency bands (above 300 MHz)
- Inductor cores
- Iron powder cores
- Most ferrite & iron powder cores look same. If unsure about material properties, its most safe to purchase new low to medium frequency cores.
As example, take a look at Laird broadband and low frequency cores.
Where to find suitable cores[edit | edit source]
Ferrite cores are available from most electronic part distributors such as:
Some popular ferrite core brands:
- Laird-Signal Integrity Products
Usage[edit | edit source]
Application[edit | edit source]
- If possible, make 2-3 turns of cable through one core to maximize it's effectiveness
- Place core close to interference source, not in the middle of the cable
With servo drives[edit | edit source]
To solve an EMI problem its good to have selection of cores that can be tried on different cables. Most typical placement for cores:
- Motor output cable (all motor wires through core but not earth conductor). However, if earth conductor is hard to separate, then feeding all wires through core is still better than nothing.
- High voltage power supply cable (+ and - leads through core)
- USB adapter or other communication cables
- Control I/O cables
- Encoder/feedback device cable
|Don't run multiple different type of signals through single core. I.e. don't combine power supply and motor leads in one core. Doing so can make filtering worse than without cores.|